After he hacked several men to death in Kansas, he grew a long beard to disguise himself, but still spoke to abolitionist meetings. He knew if they killed him, it would greatly advance the cause of Christ Let them hang me.
John Brown was a radical abolitionist whose fervent hatred of slavery led him to seize the United States arsenal at Harpers Ferry in October It is widely believed his intention was to arm slaves for a rebellion, though he denied that.
Hanged for treason against the Commonwealth of Virginia, Brown quickly became a martyr among those seeking to end slavery in America.
His parents instilled in him a strong belief in the Bible and a strong hatred of slavery, and his father taught him the family trade of tanning animal skins. After he married Dianthe Lusk, they moved to Pennsylvania, where he established a tannery of his own.
Less than a year after her passing, he married a year-old named Mary Anne Day. That union produced 13 more offspring.
Brown was not a particularly good businessman, and what skills he had declined as his thinking became more metaphysical.
He bought and sold several tanneries, engaged in land speculation, raised sheep, and established a brokerage for wool producers, but his financial situation deteriorated. His thoughts turned more and more to people he considered oppressed; had he lived in a later era, he might have become a socialist.
He became a conductor in the Underground Railroad and organized a self-protection league for freemen of color and fugitive slaves.
After the Kansas-Nebraska Act of gave citizens of those two territories the right to choose for themselves whether the territories would permit or prohibit slavery, Brown, like many abolitionists, moved to Kansas, taking five of his sons with him. Fervent members of the abolition movement were determined that when the territory was ready to enter the Union as a state, it would do so as a free state.
On the other side, many defenders of slavery were also pouring into Kansas, in order to secure it for the pro-slavery faction.
On May 21,Missouri "border ruffians" attacked the anti-slavery town of Lawrence, pillaging and burning. Two days later, Charles Sumner, a U.
In the s and s, many others tried to turn their trials into an attack on abortion. Before the Civil War, John Brown, a tireless crusader against slavery, fought his last battle against slavery in an American courtroom. John Brown's Secret Plan. No one had a deeper moral hatred of slavery than John Brown. The very best discussion of Brown in Kansas is found in Robert E. McGlone, John Brown's War Against Slavery (New York: Cambridge University Press, ). The quotation from Brown's speech in court is from Life and Letters of John Brown, Liberator of Kansas, and Martyr of Virginia, ed. Franklin B. Sanborn (), p. Through John Brown the coming civil war entered into the nerves of the people many months before it was exhibited in their ideas and actions. The South took alarm. The “acts of the assassin” confirmed their fears of slave-insurrection provoked by the Northern abolitionists and Black Republicans.
Senator from Massachusetts, was severely beaten with a cane on the Senate floor by Senator Preston Brooks of South Carolina because of verbal attacks the virulently anti-slavery Sumner had made on another South Carolinian. When the trio tried to escape, James Doyle was shot down and his sons hacked to death with short sabers.
At the home of Allen Wilkinson, the avengers ignored the pleas of his sick wife and two children and took Wilkinson away as a prisoner. He was soon dispatched with one of the swords. Through it all, Brown had decided, god-like, who would die and who would be spared, though according to his followers he did not actively participate in the executions.
Whenever he was questioned about the events of that night, he was evasive. The events at Lawrence and Pottawatomie caused the territory to erupt in guerrilla warfare, giving it the name "Bleeding Kansas.
More than one version exists of what his plans were for the weapons he hoped to make off with. Some say he intended to create a state of free blacks in the mountains of western Virginia and Maryland.
Others say he hoped to create an army of former slaves and freemen to march through Dixie, forcing slave owners to free their slaves. Brown himself may not have been entirely clear on what the next step would be, but he had convinced a number of Northern abolitionists to provide financial support for his actions, here and elsewhere.
On October 18, a company of U. Marines, under the command of Army lieutenant colonel Robert E. Lee, broke into the building. Ten raiders were killed outright and seven others, including a wounded Brown, were captured.
Among those watching the execution, "with unlimited, undeniable contempt" for Brown, was the future assassin of President Abraham Lincoln, John Wilkes Booth. Brown had denied any plan "to excite or incite the slaves to rebellion or to make insurrection. But when information began to surface that Brown had discussed his plans—to what extent is not known—with Northern abolitionists and had received moral and financial assistance, Southern attitudes turned sour.
Many in the abolition movement painted Brown as a martyr, convincing many Southerners that abolitionists wished to commit genocide on white slave owners.
Among abolitionists, Brown served as an inspiration to strive ever harder to abolish "the peculiar institution. John Brown and his Harpers Ferry raid are often referred to as the match that lit the fuse on the powder keg of secession and civil war. Even today, debate continues on how Brown should be remembered:Recommended Reading: John Brown, Abolitionist: The Man Who Killed Slavery, Sparked the Civil War, and Seeded Civil Rights.
Description: An authoritative new examination of John Brown and his deep impact on American history. - John Brown, who was an abolitionist, led a group on a raid against a federal armory in Harpers Ferry which at time was in Western Virginia.
This was an attempt to start an armed slave revolt and abolish slavery. 4. In , after they helped several slaves escape, John Brown and his five sons moved to Kansas.
There was a struggle between pro-slavery and Free-Soil settlers who were against slavery. In the s and s, many others tried to turn their trials into an attack on abortion. Before the Civil War, John Brown, a tireless crusader against slavery, fought his last battle against slavery in an American courtroom.
John Brown's Secret Plan. No one had a deeper moral hatred of slavery than John Brown. Aug 21, · Watch video · John Brown was a radical abolitionist who believed in the violent overthrow of the slavery system. During the Bleeding Kansas conflicts, Brown and his sons led attacks on pro-slavery residents.
John Brown’s experiences in the first half of the nineteenth century would solidify his lifelong hatred of slavery into a more passionate commitment to combat the slave system and the government that upheld it.