Child abuse and its psychological effect

In families where there is a high level of conflict and animosity between parents, children are at a greater risk of developing emotional, social and behavioural problems, as well as difficulties with concentration and educational achievement. Conflict in families after separation Parental separation often initially leads to an increase in parental conflict and anger, although for some families the level of conflict reduces when parents do not see each other regularly. The level of conflict between parents usually reduces significantly in the two to three years after separation, although it remains high in approximately ten per cent of families. Research has found that following separation and divorce, children are twice as likely to have emotional, social, behavioural and academic problems compared to children from families that are still together.

Child abuse and its psychological effect

Religious abuse or cult abuse The child is forced to accept the narrow, exclusive religious views of the parent or guardian to the exclusion of any other belief or possibility of any belief Any behaviour by the child not in line with the parents' rigid religious zeal is met with punishment and abuse The child is starved of development in interpersonal skills and relationships in the name of religion The child is subjected to strange, unnatural and often perverse beliefs on sexual matters and sexual development in line with the religious belief The child is discouraged or prevented from associating with any person not sharing the religious belief of the parent or guardian 6.

Emotional abuse, including refusal or unwillingness or inability to express love deliberate withholding of love conditional love eg "I don't love you when you behave like that" loving one child to the exclusion of all others cocooning and smothering, denying the child the opportunity to develop as a separate individual being forced into any conflict between parents being used as a pawn by warring parents being forced into a caring or caretaker role at an inappropriate age witnessing alcohol or substance abuse, especially on a regular basis, perhaps being forced to participate witnessing violence between parents or adults 7.

Psychological abuse, including constant criticism of a trivial and unjustified nature unjustified blame, often for things which have no connection with the child scapegoating refusal to value refusal to acknowledge the child and their achievements refusal to praise unclear, Child abuse and its psychological effect and inconsistent boundaries, sometimes no boundaries, at other times very tight boundaries refusal to make eye contact with the child over a long period refusal of parents to agree with or support each other when dealing with children unpredictable behaviour on the part of the parents Violent adults tend to be those whose childhood was characterised by experiencing the above behaviours on a regular basis, combined with lack of affection and lack of expressed love.

The three influencers of stress, namely control, prediction and expectation are pivotal see section on stress response on the health page. Where a child is brought up under these constant conditions, those areas of the brain which deal with interpersonal, behavioural and social skills simply fail to develop normally.

Effects of child abuse and neglect for adult survivors

In many cases of violent offenders eg serial killerstheir brain's frontal lobes - which modify and mitigate violent urges - are measurably smaller than in normal people. See the work of Dorothy Otnow Lewis and Jonathan Pincus for further insight into violent adult behaviour and its origins in childhood.

A child who is subjected to regular abuse, even if entirely non-physical, needs an outlet for their consequent aggression; frequently they will act out their violent impulses on another child at school bullyingor sibling, or family pet. Being violent towards others because they are violent towards you combined with the fact that you are unable to deal with other people's violence is called displacement aggression.

Violence towards animals eg torturing the cat or killing the dog is now recognised as a common early warning sign of forthcoming violence in adulthood. We're all guilty of some of these things especially the emotional and psychological abuse some of the time, either unwittingly or when we are stressed.

However, children are resilient and if you avoid physically punitive responses eg use restraint and the promise of a bonus or reward for good behaviour rather than punishment for bad behavioureducate them in how to show dignity and respect, teach them the skills of assertiveness which include psychological self-defencetalk to them and assure them of your love regularly, they're likely to grow up to be normal, well-adjusted and intelligent people - who will then pass on these benefits to their children.

For ideas on better parenting see and follow the links on the pages http: For dealing with verbal abuse I recommend The verbally abusive relationship: See their web site at http: Gratification The aggressive anxious adult learns that bullying results in relief from anxiety, which produces that nice warm feeling called satisfaction.

Child abuse and its psychological effect

Gratification is the indulgence in the feeling of satisfaction resulting from relief from anxiety brought about by bullying. Bullying is therefore emotional and psychological displacement aggression.

Gratification is a behaviour loop in which the adult is trapped, and is the common denominator behind most forms of violence, especially sexual abuse and sexual violence. Corporal punishment and sexual assault "No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

Only recently mid was corporal punishment in schools finally outlawed by the UK Parliament. Incidentally, this is a century after Parliament decreed it illegal to beat animals.H&P is an expanding Partnership based at King's College London and the University of Cambridge, and additionally supported by the University of Bristol, the University of Edinburgh, the University of Leeds, the Open University, and the University of Sheffield.

Statutes of Limitations (SOL) is the time in which a lawsuit is initiated by an injured person or victim. In most cases, unless there is a special circumstance, the SOL begins to run from the date of the occurrence that caused the injury.

Child Abuse And Abandonment – Effects On Human Resource Development In Nigeria

Published: Mon, 5 Dec Child Abuse and Neglect. Introduction. In today’s society, especially іn U.K, we fail to address а numbеr of issues that need to be solved. Causes and effects of child abuse, sexual abuse, domestic abuse, emotional abuse and verbal abuse.

Childhood Psychological Abuse Has Long-Lasting Impact. The study confirms that childhood psychological abuse has lasting, significant damage, equal to or exceeding the long-term consequences.

Child abuse and its psychological effect

Child abuse has been an emerging issue which created a huge controversy of how it affects children. Child abuse is in many forms and not just physical, but it is also psychological, emotional, and sexual.

Attachment and Trauma Specialists - Child Abuse & Neglect