The preferred turnout rates are those calculated with the voting-eligible population as the denominator. The voting-eligible population VEP represents an estimate of persons eligible to vote regardless of voter registration status in an election and is constructed by modifying the voting-age population VAPby components reported in the right-most columns scroll right in the spreadsheet. Links to data sources are provided at the bottom of this page. The preferred turnout rate numerator is the Total Ballots Counted, which is all ballots election officials counted.
History[ edit ] Article Two of the United States Constitution originally established the method of presidential elections, including the Electoral College.
This was a result of a compromise between those constitutional framers who wanted the Congress to choose the president, and those who preferred a national popular vote. With the ratification of the 23rd Amendment to the Constitution inthe District of Columbia is also granted a number of electors, equal to the number of those held by the least populous state.
Constitutionally, the manner for choosing electors Election project determined within each state by its legislature. During the first presidential election inonly 6 of the 13 original states chose electors by any form of popular vote.
Under the original system established by Article Two, electors could cast two votes to two different candidates for president.
The candidate with the highest number of votes provided it was a majority of the electoral votes became the president, and the second-place candidate Election project the vice president. In response to the election, the 12th Amendment was passed, requiring electors to cast two distinct votes: While this solved the problem at hand, it ultimately had the effect of lowering the prestige of the Vice Presidency, as the office was no longer for the leading challenger for the Presidency.
Electors chosen this way are pledged to vote for a particular presidential and vice presidential candidate offered by the same political party. So, while the Constitution says that the President and Vice President are chosen separately, in practice they are chosen together.
The 12th Amendment also established rules when no candidate wins a majority vote in the Electoral College. In the presidential election ofAndrew Jackson received a pluralitybut not a majority, of electoral votes cast.
The election was thrown to the House of Representativesand John Quincy Adams was elected to the presidency. A deep rivalry resulted between Andrew Jackson and House Speaker Henry Claywho had also been a candidate in the election.
Although the nationwide popular vote does not directly determine the winner of a presidential election, it does strongly correlate with who is the victor.
In 53 of the 58 total elections held so far about 91 percentthe winner of the national popular vote has also carried the Electoral College vote. The winners of the nationwide popular vote and the Electoral College vote differ only in close elections. In highly competitive elections, candidates focus on turning out their vote in the contested swing states critical to winning an electoral college majority, so they do not try to maximize their popular vote by real or fraudulent vote increases in one-party areas.
In the election, Jackson won the popular vote, but no one received the majority of electoral votes. According to the 12th Amendment in the Constitution, the House of Representatives must choose the president out of the top 3 people in the election.
Clay had come fourth, so he threw his support to Adams, who then won.
Charges of a "corrupt bargain" followed Adams through his term. Comparison of the popular vote totals since Jan 06, · This precinct-level map of California shows how similar — or different — other voters in your neighborhood are.
Results shown are final and certified by each county. Download the data. Stop Voter Fraud & Prevent Stolen Elections.
Make your tax-deductible donation to Judicial Watch to support our Election Integrity project and all of our work fighting government corruption. Exit polls are surveys of a small percentage of voters taken after they leave their voting place.
Tunisia election data. Presidential ; Parliamentary ; NCA ; Datasets; Charts; Community Viz. PBS KIDS You Choose is a kid-friendly website introducing children ages to relevant, non-partisan democracy-related topics through interactive exploration and video. Crowd-sourced riding-by-riding predictions based on intelligence, analysis, insights, and outright punditry submitted by users.
Pollsters use this data to project how all voters or segments of voters side on a particular race. Tunisia election data. Presidential ; Parliamentary ; NCA ; Datasets; Charts; Community Viz.
The new alphabetnyc.com makes it easier than ever to find what you need to know about the federal campaign finance process. Explore legal resources, campaign finance . An election is a formal group decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold public office.
Elections have been the usual mechanism by which modern representative democracy has operated since the 17th century.
Elections may fill offices in the legislature, sometimes in the executive and judiciary, and for regional and local government.