The name "America" is often used to refer to the United States, but until the political formation of the United States after the Revolutionary War, this designation referred to South America only. Contemporary use of the term to refer to the United States underlines that country's political and economic dominance in the western hemisphere. Such use of this designation is impolitic from the perspective of Canadians and Latin Americans.
Not Edited nor Revised The concept of African personality generally refers to manifestations of cultural uniqueness among Africans as reflected in their behavior, social norms, customs, values, beliefs, religious zeal, attitudes, explanations of the cosmos and the supernatural, social and political systems historically or in contemporary times.
The concept of the African personality has been addressed by many past and contemporary Africans and Afro-Americans. It has been defined differently when used to designate all the black people with an African heritage; mainly those of the Caribbean Islands and the United States of America.
Let us examine a few of these definitions, some of which do not precisely define the African personality but merely seek to describe and explain the personality and cultural uniqueness of Africans. If we were, from my own observation, to try to summarize the difference between African and Western psychology and I would say that the Westerner has a problem solving mind whilst the African has a situation experiencing mind.
There is a tendency in the West, whether the Westerners themselves know it or not, for people to assume that man lives to work. We believe that man works to live. This view of life gives rise to our high preference for leisure. With us, life has always meant the pursuit of happiness rather than the pursuit of beauty or truth.
We pursue happiness by rejecting isolationism, individualism, negative emotions, and tensions, on the one hand; and by encouraging positive emotions and habitual relaxation, and by restraining our desires on the other. African psychology is the recognition and practice of a body of knowledge which is fundamentally different in origin, content, and direction than that recognized and practiced by Euro-American psychologists.
The differences between African psychology and Euro-American psychology reflect the differences between Black people and White people or, in terms of basic culture, between Africans and Europeans. The conception of a man is different among Africans and, unlike that of Cartesian Europe, is never dualist or dichotomist.
There is never the separation between body and soul found elsewhere. Certain prominent and relevant themes prevail in these works.
For example, one fundamental issue is that of the African living in communities with little or no emphasis on the individualism prevalent in Western Society.
Another is that the African lives by natural rhythms, hence establishing a primordial attachment to the universe and the cosmos. Their attachment to nature makes it imperative that they be a religious people who believe in the powers of supernatural forces.
Because the African is immersed in the totality of the social life and his strong belief in nature and the ancestral spirits, the African finds it difficult to tear social phenomenon into small bits for purposes of abstract analysis and philosophy. One is the Western and Western-oriented scholars who express the view that the African does not exhibit Western traits of thought and culture because he is not yet civilized.
Therefore, they believe what is needed is to provide him with Western knowledge and culture so that eventually he will become like the Westerner.
The other school of thought maintains the African behaves, thinks and lives as he does because he is unique. It holds that Western education and culture should be used to enhance further his uniqueness.
A few of the views from these two opposing schools of thought will be briefly reviewed. The African was charged with murder. But one claim he makes may be quoted. He claims that educated Africans have a limited choice of topics of conversation. As such, the only subject matter is politics.
I think it was Lessing who wrote that when Africans are educated they are deprived of all subjects of conversation between themselves except politics. Any two Europeans will discuss sports, weather, women, money, wisecracks, the theatre, cinema, clothes, even books, and will perhaps mention politics in passing.
Two educated Africans will discuss politics for hours on end and when they have finished talking about politics have nothing more to say to each other. Africans have been less inventive and seem to make very little or no progress at all in the field of creative technology.
He quotes such virtues as determination, honesty, and creative imitation as generally lacking in African society.Art is the magic of life. It is basically life creation.
For exmple art is anything it can be from a pencil to wood. Art is life, the study and creation of life. Culture is like a tradition. The difference between the right word and almost the right word is the difference between lightning and a lightning bug.” – Mark Twain, The Wit and Wisdom of Mark Twain In this post, I will share the words and phrases you can equip yourself with when writing or reading academic papers.
Educational Program. The CMAA Professional Development Committee has created a program that will bring you intriguing, timely, useful information from the most engaging, knowledgeable and inspirational speakers in the industry.. Conference educational program. Modernism is a philosophical movement that, along with cultural trends and changes, arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Among the factors that shaped modernism were the development of modern industrial societies and the rapid growth of cities, followed then by reactions of horror to World War I.
(b) How to Make the Claimed Invention [R] As long as the specification discloses at least one method for making and using the claimed invention that bears a reasonable correlation to the entire scope of the claim, then the enablement requirement of 35 U.S.C. is satisfied.
" The cooperative learning process of debate, discussion, and reflection that students engage in as they work together to storyboard, shoot, and edit their digital stories is critical to the learning process.