Deviance Deviance the behavior, ideas, or attributes of an individual or group that some people in society find offensive. Examples of deviance staring at a stranger in an elevator, talking to oneself in public, wearing outlandish clothes, robbing a bank, methodically shooting dozens of students on a college campus Structural-functionalist perspective of Deviance — They argue that deviance, as a class of behaviors, is not always bad for society and may actually serve as a useful purpose. Definitions of Deviance who are most likely to perservere — those that have the support of influential segments of the population or have widespread agreement among the members of that society. The Definition of Deviance that is Most Applicable to both Perspectives and the elements Behavior how people actideas how people thinkor attributes how people appear that some people in society — not necessarily all people — find offensive, wrong, immoral, sinful, evil, strange, or disgusting.
Further deviation with resentment and hostility towards punishers. Community stigmatizes the deviant as a Sociology and deviance deviant. Strengthening of deviant conduct because of stigmatizing penalties. Acceptance as role of deviant or criminal actor.
Control theory[ edit ] Control theory advances the proposition that weak bonds between the individual and society free people to deviate. By contrast, strong bonds make deviance costly. This theory asks why people refrain from deviant or criminal behavior, instead of why people commit deviant or criminal behavior, according to Travis Hirschi.
The control theory developed when norms emerge to deter deviant behavior. Without this "control", deviant behavior would happen more often. This leads to conformity and groups. People will conform to a group when they believe they have more to gain from conformity than by deviance.
If a strong bond is achieved there will be less chance of deviance than if a weak bond has occurred. Hirschi argued a person follows the norms because they have a bond to society. The bond consists of four positively correlated factors: It stated that acts of force and fraud are undertaken in the pursuit of self-interest and self-control.
A deviant act is based on a criminals own self-control of themselves.
Containment theory is considered by researchers such as Walter C. Reckless to be part of the control theory because it also revolves around the thoughts that stop individuals from engaging in crime. Reckless studied the unfinished approaches meant to explain the reasoning behind delinquency and crime.
He recognized that societal disorganization is included in the study of delinquency and crime under social deviance, leading him to claim that the majority of those who live in unstable areas tend not to have criminal tendencies in comparison those who live in middle-class areas.
Symbolic interactionism is a theoretical approach that can be used to explain how societies and/or social groups come to view behaviors as deviant or conventional. Labeling theory, differential association, social disorganization theory, and control theory fall within the realm of symbolic interactionism. Deviant behavior is any behavior that is contrary to the dominant norms of society. There are many different theories that explain how behavior comes to be classified as deviant and why people engage in it, including biological explanations, psychological explanations, and sociological explanations. Deviance: Deviance, in sociology, violation of social rules and conventions. French sociologist Émile Durkheim viewed deviance as an inevitable part of how society functions. He argued that deviance is a basis for change and innovation, and it is also a way of defining or clarifying important social norms.
This claim opens up more possible approaches to social disorganization, and proves that the already implemented theories are in need or a deeper connection to further explore ideas of crime and delinquency. These observations brought Reckless to ask questions such as, "Why do some persons break through the tottering social controls and others do not?
Why do rare cases in well-integrated society break through the lines of strong controls? Social disorganization was not related to a particular environment, but instead was involved in the deterioration of an individuals social controls.
The containment theory is the idea that everyone possesses mental and social safeguards which protect the individual from committing acts of deviancy. Containment depends on the individuals ability to separate inner and outer controls for normative behavior.
The findings from this study supported the idea that the relationship between socioeconomic status and delinquency might be better understood if the quality of employment and its role as an informal social control is closely examined.
Conflict theory In sociology, conflict theory states that society or an organization functions so that each individual participant and its groups struggle to maximize their benefits, which inevitably contributes to social change such as political changes and revolutions.
Deviant behaviors are actions that do not go along with the social institutions as what cause deviance.
The legal rights of poor folks might be ignored, middle class are also accept; they side with the elites rather than the poor, thinking they might rise to the top by supporting the status quo.
Conflict theory is based upon the view that the fundamental causes of crime are the social and economic forces operating within society. However, it explains white-collar crime less well.
This theory also states that the powerful define crime. This raises the question: In this theory, laws are instruments of oppression: Karl Marx[ edit ] Marx did not write about deviant behavior but he wrote about alienation amongst the proletariat—as well as between the proletariat and the finished product—which causes conflict, and thus deviant behavior.
Many Marxist writers have the theory of the capitalist state in their arguments. For example, Steven Spitzer utilized the theory of bourgeois control over social junk and social dynamite; George Rusche was known to present analysis of different punishments correlated to the social capacity and infrastructure for labor.
He theorized that throughout history, when more labor is needed, the severity of punishments decreases and the tolerance for deviant behavior increases. Jock Younganother Marxist writer, presented the idea that the modern world did not approve of diversity, but was not afraid of social conflict.
The late modern world, however, is very tolerant of diversity. The late modern society easily accepts difference, but it labels those that it does not want as deviant and relentlessly punishes and persecutes. Michel Foucault[ edit ] Michel Foucault believed that torture had been phased out from modern society due to the dispersion of power; there was no need any more for the wrath of the state on a deviant individual.
Rather, the modern state receives praise for its fairness and dispersion of power which, instead of controlling each individual, controls the mass. He also theorized that institutions control people through the use of discipline.Symbolic interactionism is a theoretical approach that can be used to explain how societies and/or social groups come to view behaviors as deviant or conventional.
Labeling theory, differential association, social disorganization theory, and control theory fall within the realm of symbolic interactionism.
Deviance is defined as the recognized violation of cultural norms. Learn more about the definition and some of the major theories attached to deviance and test your knowledge with a quiz. Sociology: Deviance. Deviance. the behavior, ideas, or attributes of an individual or group that some people in society find offensive.
– Who gets to define what is deviant?
– argues that deviance is a consequence of the application of rules and sanctions to an offender. Deviance can only be defined in relation to a particular standard, but no standards are fixed or absolute.
As such deviance varies from time to time and place to place. In a particular society an act which is considered deviant today may be defined as normal in the future. Nov 17, · Deviant behaviors, or deviant acts in society refer to behavior that violate social norms and expectations.
Deviance can be something as small as dressing in gothic clothing, or something as serious as burning someone's house down. Deviance, in a sociological context, describes actions or behaviors that violate informal social norms or formally-enacted rules.
Among those who study social norms and their relation to deviance are sociologists, psychologists, psychiatrists, and criminologists, all of whom investigate how norms change and are enforced over time.