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To see how architecture fits into the evolution of fine arts, see:: Relationship Between Architecture and Art Ever since Antiquity, architecture - the art of designing and constructing buildings - has always been closely intertwined with the history of artfor at least three reasons.
First, many public works especially religious buildings were designed with aesthetics in mind, as well as functionality.
They were built to inspire as well as serve a public function. Second, in many of these buildings, the exteriors and interiors acted as showcases for fine art painting eg. Sistine Chapelfrieze and relief sculpture eg. The Parthenon, European Gothic cathedralsstained glass art eg.
Chartres Cathedraland other artworks like mosaics and metalwork. RenaissanceBaroque, Rococo, Neoclassical influenced both architecture and the fine arts. Ancient Architecture Early architecture had two main functions: The richer the society, the more important these functions became.
Egyptian Architecture The first great civilization to emerge around the Mediterranean basin was that of Egypt c. In addition to its own written language, religion and dynastic ruling class, it developed a unique style of Egyptian architecturelargely consisting of massive burial chambers in the form of Pyramids at Giza and underground tombs in the desolate Valley of the Kings, Luxor.
Design was monumental but not architecturally complex and employed posts and lintels, rather than arches, although Egyptian expertise in stone had a strong influence on later Greek architecture.
Famous examples of Egyptian pyramid architecture include: The Step Pyramid of Djoser c. Later, during the Middle and Late Kingdoms c. Temple of Amon, BCE onwards.
These structures were adorned with a diverse range of artworks - few of which survive - including murals, panel paintings, sculptures, and metalwork, depicting various Gods, deities, rulers and symbolic animals in the unique Egyptian hieratic style of art, together with hieroglyphic inscriptions.
For more specific details, see: For a comparison with the pyramid architecture of the early Americas, see: Sumerian Architecture Meanwhile, in Mesopotamia and Persia c.
But in contrast to the pyramids of the Egyptian Pharaohs, ziggurats were not built as tombs but as man-made mountains to bring the Sumerian rulers and people closer to their Gods who supposedly dwelt high up in mountains to the east. Ziggurats were constructed from clay-fired bricks, often finished with coloured glazes.
For more details, see: For other cultures of ancient Iraq, see: For an overall view, see: Early Irish Architecture Towards the end of the Stone Ageceremonial megaliths structures built from large stones like the Knowth megalithic tomb c.
The complex engravings unearthed at Newgrange mark the beginning of visual arts in Ireland. For more about ancient and medieval buildings, please see Architectural Monuments of Ireland. For older types of historical site, see Archeological Monuments of Ireland. Minoan architecture utilized a mixture of stone, mud-brick and plaster to construct elaborate palaces eg.
Palace of Knossos c. Many of these buildings were decorated with colourful murals and fresco paintings, depicting mythological animal symbols eg. Unfortunately most Minoan architecture was destroyed by earthquakes around BCE. Crete was then taken over by the Myceneans from mainland Greece, from where a unified Greek culture and civilization emerged a few centuries later.
Greek Architecture The history of art and architecture in Ancient Greece is divided into three basic eras: Limestone and marble was employed for columns and walls, while terracotta was used for roof tiles and ornaments.
Decoration was done in metal, like bronze. Like painters and sculptors, Greek architects enjoyed none of the enhanced status accorded to their successors. They were not seen as artists but as tradesmen. Thus no names of architects are known before about the 5th century BCE.
The most common types of public buildings were temples, municipal structures, theatres and sports stadiums.Video: Roman Engineering and Architecture. This lecture covers Roman advances in architecture and engineering. First, Rome's debt to Greece is explored.
Roman architecture is very similar to. The history of architecture traces the changes in architecture through various traditions, Roman architecture None of which would have been possible without the advances of Roman engineering and construction or the newly found marble quarries which were the spoils of war;.
Dec 19, · Digging History 7: The Architecture and Engineering of Rome the text provides a neat summary of the evolution of the discipline of architecture in Rome and the materials involved. Sep 14, · Roman Architecture (HSAR ) Professor Kleiner discusses the revolution in Roman architecture resulting from the widespread adoption of concrete in the late.
Roman engineering had a large influence on Roman architecture. Arches were used a lot due to their strength. Fun Facts about Roman Engineering. For more about Ancient Rome: Overview and History Timeline of Ancient Rome Early History of Rome The Roman Republic Republic to Empire Wars and Battles Roman Empire in England.
Roman architecture continued the legacy left by the earlier architects of the Greek world, and the Roman respect for this tradition and their particular reverence.