Arcesilausa Greek student of Plato established the Middle Academy. Carneadesanother student, established the New Academy. In BC, Aristotle refined the method with his own theories and established the Lyceum in another gymnasium. Africa[ edit ] The library of Alexandria in Egypt was frequented by intellectuals from Africa, Europe and Asia studying various aspects of philosophy, language and mathematics.
Comment[ edit ] Does 'obituary' need to be listed twice? I'm taking it out of the 'summaries of knowledge' section for now.
It's generally awful stuff. I am writing because there are a number of problems with this article, and I think it should be entirely re-written.
Firstly, as an academic writer myself, I am concerned that both this article and the scholarly writing article are written from a particular perspective of academic writing that is a not objective, and b not necessarily representative of the mainstream.
For example, while some academic writers like to work with the concept of a 'discourse community', this is a theoretical concept which makes potentially controversial assumptions that many academics would not agree to. In view of this I do not think the article should rely on the concept of a 'discourse community', as though this were an accepted part of how academic writing takes place.
Secondly, the writer makes some unjustified - and, in some cases, patently false - assertions throughout the article, some of which involve taking up distinctive positions regarding matters that are subject to ongoing academic debate.
For example, the writer assumes a that there are standard 'moves' which most academic writers will make, b that the manifestations of these 'moves' are discipline-relative, and c that "Facts can be thought of merely as claims". There are other problems as well which are too numerous to list here.
However, suffice it to say that at present the article reads like a post-modern theory of academic writing which involves a dodgy form of epistemic relativism, as opposed to a well-balanced encyclopedia entry.
I'm not an expert in this field, but I have found a lead of when and how the mess occurred. On around September 16,several different users started adding uncited essay to the article and re-added them after being removed by other users.
I have included a screenshot to the right for your convenience.
I am not capable of restoring the article, but hopefully this will help whoever working on a fix.Guidelines for Writing Recommendations for: Academic Graduate School.
Indicate how long you have known the applicant and in what capacity. Graduate schools are primarily interested in recommendations that come from professors who know the applicant and his/her academic . The Importance of Grammar Learning grammar rules doesn't have to be difficult if you take advantage of the many free English writing skills, there are free lessons and tutorials that can help you develop a better understanding of the key points of English grammar.
Some of these are listed below. Level 5 marks a substantial increase in demand in the grammar, vocabulary, and writing portions of the curriculum. This level is a major challenge for the most motivated . 4 Academic Integrity at MIT The consequences for cheating, plagiarism, unauthorized collaboration, and other forms of academic dishonesty can be very serious, possibly including suspension or expulsion from the Institute.
Grammar for Academic Writing: Unit 1 - Packaging information 1 1 PACKAGING INFORMATION. In this first unit we look at ways of organising your writing into ‘packages’ of information that will make your meaning clear to the reader.
To do that, we need to One important technique for extending. Critical Thinking: A Literature Review. Educators have long been aware of the importance of critical thinking skills as an outcome of student learning. More recently, the Partnership for 21st Century Skills has identified The literature on critical thinking has roots in two primary academic disciplines: philosophy and psychology (Lewis.